Date of Award
Influenced by both societal and biological factors, women play a central role in reproducing offspring for future generations. Because females play such an integral role in reproduction, it is often psychologically difficult for women to cope with infertility that can arise due to a variety of factors: ovarian factor infertility, cervical factor infertility, uterine factor infertility, and peritoneal and tubal infertility factors. As a result, technology has evolved to cater to women's infertility in procedures and treatments regarded as assisted reproductive techniques (ARTS), medical regimens than impose bioethical implications. Examples of ART include therapeutic intrauterine insemination (IUI), in-vitro-fertilization (IVF), pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in ART, gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), and uterine transplants. Women who face infertility often experience psychological effects as a result, causing stresses for both her and her partner. This begs the question as to why some females are so compelled to have children, or, as of recent years, why they may not be. When a woman enters into the reproductive age she is given the ability to exercise certain reproductive freedoms for family planning as a result of various movements in favor of reproductive rights. These reproductive freedoms can be exercised using birth control (Pill, shot, implant patch, or ring), intrauterine device (IUD), diaphragm, condom, sterilization, emergency contraception, and abortion.
Panos, Kat, "Generations of Fertility: A Bioethical and Evolutionary Analysis" (2019). Student research. 121.